- GNU Alive is a periodic ping program. It functions similarly to ‘ping -n -i PERIOD HOST’ (so if you are comfortable typing that at a shell prompt you probably do not need GNU Alive).
- AlsaPlayer is a PCM player written with the ALSA sound system in mind. It also includes support for JACK, OSS, NAS, and ESD. It makes extensive use of multi-threading and supports OGG, MP3, WAV, CDDA (CD Digital Audio), MOD, S3M, IT, and many other input types. Features include a real- time effects stream, variable speed/pitch control, multiple active visual scopes, command line mode, playlists, plugin architecture, low-latency mode, and more.
- 'alterMIME' is an integrated email/mailpack manipulation utility. It adds and modifies headers, adds disclaimers, and changes or removes embedded attachments based on filename or (for removals) content type.
- The Berkeley Automounter, Amd, maintains a cache of mounted file systems, and lets users dynamically control which file system to mount with selectors. Selectors, which may be combined, allow decisions of the form "hostname is this," or "architecture is not that." Amd also supports numerous file system types, including NFS, UFS and the novel program file system. The combination of selectors and multiple file system types means that identical configuration files can be used on all machines. Amd will not hang if a remote server goes down, and can determine when a remote server has become inaccessible and mount replacement file systems when they become available.
- 'amavisd-new' is an interface between MTAs and content checkers, including virus scanners, and/or the Mail::SpamAssasin Perl module. It talks to the MTA via (E)SMTP or LMTP, or by using helper programs. No timing gaps exist in the design, which could cause a mail loss. It is normally positioned at or near a central mailer, not necessarily where the user's mailboxes and final delivery takes place.
- AmphetaDesk downloads syndication news and information and displays it on a fully customizable Web page.
- And-httpd is an HTTP server that maps URLs to files. In other words, in can take an incoming URL and map it to a file in a number of ways (for example, according to content type or language). It can also do authentication or IP based ACLs. It cannot do CGI or other kinds of code execution. It cannot even dynamically create directory listings (although it comes with external tools to do so automatically, and to create a "status page"). It currently has a $2000 "security guarantee" against remote attacks.
- Antidote is an open source implementation of the IEEE 11073-20601 standard. It also contains the implementation of a D-Bus based 11073 manager service.
- Anubis is an SMTP message submission daemon. It represents an intermediate layer between mail user agent (MUA) and mail transport agent (MTA), receiving messages from the MUA, applying to them a set of predefined changes and finally inserting modified messages into an MTA routing network. The set of changes applied to a message is configurable on a system-wide and per-user basis. The built-in configuration language used for defining sets of changes allows for considerable flexibility and is easily extensible. GNU Anubis can edit outgoing mail headers, encrypt and/or sign mail with the GNU Privacy Guard, build secure SMTP tunnels (Simple Mail Transport Protocol) using the TLS/SSL encryption even if your mail user agent doesn't support it, or tunnel a connection through a SOCKS proxy server.
- 'apf' (active port forwarder) uses SSL for secure packet tunneling. It is meant for users without an external IP who want to make some services available on the Internet. afserver is placed on the machine with a publicly accessible address. afclient is then placed on the machine behind a firewall or masquerade, which makes the second machine visible to the Internet. You do not need root privileges to run afserver, nor does it use other processes. It uses 'zlib' to compress the transferred data.
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